Types of Onions: A Chart of 40 Varieties

There are so many types of onions out there, each with its own unique flavor and texture. From sweet Vidalias to pungent red onions, the choices can be overwhelming. But have you ever stopped to consider just how many different types of onions there really are?

With this comprehensive chart of 40 different types of onions, you’ll never have to wonder again! From boiler onions to Rote Zwiebel onions, this chart has it all. Whether you’re a seasoned cook looking to expand your culinary horizons or a beginner just learning your way around the kitchen, this chart is sure to be a valuable resource. So let’s dive in and explore the wide world of onions!

Here is a chart with the list of 40 different types of onions:

Type of OnionDescription
Yellow OnionA common type of onion with a golden brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Great for cooking and caramelizing.
White OnionSimilar to yellow onions, but with a white skin and a milder flavor. Often used in Mexican and Latin American cooking.
Red OnionA type of onion with a reddish-purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Often used raw in salads and sandwiches.
Sweet OnionA type of onion with a very mild, sweet flavor and a thin, papery skin. Examples include Vidalia and Walla Walla onions.
Vidalia OnionA sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in the Vidalia region of Georgia, USA.
Walla Walla OnionA sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in the Walla Walla region of Washington, USA.
ShallotA small, elongated onion with a pinkish-brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Often used in sauces and dressings.
LeekA type of onion with a long, white stalk and flat, green leaves. Has a mild, sweet flavor and is often used in soups and stews.
Green OnionAlso known as scallions, green onions have a mild flavor and are used raw in salads and as a garnish.
Pearl OnionA small, round onion with a white or pink skin. Often pickled or used in stews and soups.
Cipollini OnionA small, sweet onion with a flat, round shape. Often caramelized or grilled.
Red Pearl OnionA small, round onion with a reddish-purple skin. Often pickled or used in stews and soups.
Bermuda OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Bermuda.
Spanish OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing.
Boiler OnionA small, sweet onion with a thin, papery skin. Often used in soups and stews.
Pickling OnionA small, sweet onion with a thin, papery skin. Often pickled or used in relishes.
Tropea OnionA sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Calabria, Italy.
Egyptian OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing.
Tree OnionAlso known as walking onions or topsetting onions, tree onions have a strong, pungent flavor and produce small bulbils on top of the plant that can be used like onions.
Welsh OnionA type of onion with a long, white stalk and flat, green leaves. Has a mild, sweet flavor and is often used in soups and stews.
Red Wethersfield OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Wethersfield, Connecticut, USA.
Ailsa Craig OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing. Grown in Ailsa Craig, Scotland.
Stuttgarter OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Stuttgart, Germany.
Grano OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing.
Creole OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Louisiana, USA.
Potato OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing. Can also be grown as a potato substitute.
Red Barletta OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Barletta, Italy.
Imperial OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Imperial Valley, California, USA.
Rossa di Milano OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Milan, Italy.
Rio Grande OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Rio Grande Valley, Texas, USA.
Calabrese OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Calabria, Italy.
Negramaro OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Puglia, Italy.
Rote Zwiebel OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Germany.
Rambon OnionA type of sweet onion with a red or purple skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Rambouillet, France.
Pardina OnionA type of onion with a yellow or brown skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing. Grown in Spain.
Todays OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Todayville, Illinois, USA.
Iberico OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Spain.
Southport OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Southport, Connecticut, USA.
Hanover OnionA type of sweet onion with a yellow or brown skin and a mild, sweet flavor. Grown in Hanover, Virginia, USA.
Red Grano OnionA type of onion with a red or purple skin and a strong, pungent flavor. Often used in cooking and caramelizing.